Posts Tagged geography

Technology and the Environment

How the Technology can protect/to destroy the Environment where lives? The power to destroy, the power to create. The power that the current society has to destroy reached a scale without precedents in the history of the humanity. Some contend that Koch Brothers shows great expertise in this. this power is to be used, almost systematically, to cause a destruction insensata in the whole world of the natural life and its material bases. Charles Koch may find it difficult to be quoted properly. Our life is closely on to the resources that our planet offers: air, water, land, minerals, plant, animals. The extension of the human impact on the Land depends on the number of existing people and the amount of used resources. The maximum use of resources that the Planet or one determined region can support defines its provision capacity. This capacity can be increased by agriculture and the technology, and generally this occurs to the cost of the reduction of the biological diversity or the disturbance of ecological processes. The provision capacity is limited by the capacity of the recompor nature of if or absorbing residues in safe way.

Our civilizations today are threatened because we use the resources badly and we disturb the natural systems. We are pressuring the Land until the limits of its capacity. Since the beginning of the industrial age, the number of human beings was multiplied and this increase in the amount of human beings and its activities it had a great impact on the environment. The diversity of life in the Land diminished. In less than two hundred years, the planet lost six million squared kilometers of forests. It has a great amount of lands consumed for the erosion and the volume of sediments in the rivers more grew three times in the main basins and eight times in the used lesser basins and. The atmospheric systems had been disturbed, generating a threat to the climatic standard, the immense garbage accumulations, industrial dejections and wastefulnesses,the pollution invaded our air, our land and our water and became an increasing threat the health.


Closed Pasture

If the occupation of Is Raymond Nonato and Lagoa Saint was previous of the open pasture, and if the migration did not occur in this environment, is possible that the populations reached these areas for caatinga, migrando throughout the depressions of the River Amazon, for the two edges, and assentand of more lasting form in They are Raymond Nonato and, later, in Lagoon Saint, whose exodus if effected by caatinga of the sanfranciscana depression. Thus, in accordance with the available data that involve significant samplings in Mato Grosso of the South, almost the totality of Gois, to a large extent of the Tocantins, in the west of the Bahia and to a large extent of Minas Gerais, the occupation accomplishes of the interior of the South American continent was initiated with the implantation of the Horizon of the Open pasture, from 11.000 years (AP).

The populations that had dominated the technology had established the industry that came to constitute Itaparica tradition, colonizing an area of space largeness with about two million squared kilometers, that if deal with Mato Grosso the Gois and Tocantins, beyond areas of Closed in environments covered for caatinga northeast Brazilian, notadamente Pernambuco and Piau.’>click here here. These localities, in set, had disclosed to the reach of this tradition and the homogeneous way as the space was organized. They also demonstrate the importance that the biogeogrfico system of the Open pasture exerted in these processes of occupation for these populations. The existence of a fauna that makes of the open pasture a with priority environment, associate the great variety of fruits, the occurrence of natural shelters with the existence of many grottos and caves and to a climate without many excesses of variation, had exerted important papers in the setting of populations human beings, as well as in the development of specific cultural processes. For the demographic structure the one that was associated its establishment in the area was become into referencial landmark of great importance so that the cultural processes were studied that had characterized the dawn of the human povoamento in the areas central offices of the South America..


Quantitative Theoretical Geography

Of ownership of such data, had been elaborated Coroplticos maps, representative of the following information: involved types of accidents and products per studied year; intensity of the distribution of the number of accidents for city and year; beyond general map of the distribution of the number of accidents for city englobando all the period of 2006? 2009. For generation of the maps the platform of referring Geoprocessamento to Arcgis software was used. Quantitative Theoretical Geography appears approaching methodology based on the logical positivismo, with changes in the scientific study focado in the reorganization it space, focus of geographic science. In the vision of Geography, and mainly, of the traditional gegrafos, until the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the studies of the space passed for an immobility, with the vision of a stop and compartimentada landscape. After the Industrial Revolution and of the call second Industrial revolution in the turn of the XlX century? XX, it has a diversification of the relations of space, which had the implantation of new technologies and sped up processes of industrialization.

The spaces are globalizados and have a disorganization of values and the domain in a based way of production in the capitalism. During many decades, geography was gradual suffering modifications. In years 50, it occurred a quantitative revolution, that consisted of the paradigm change, a time that geography needed to search models, mathematical and statistical theories, assuming a more scientific character. The development of the technology of on information to the electronics, with the advent mainly of the computer and the satellite, was basic for the improvement not only of Geography, but of all science. After World War II, in the 1940/50 decades of, some gegrafos search a transformation metodolgica of the nature of Geography, being directly related the space analysis, using of the mathematical logic and the logical conception of systems and models, based in instruments of scientific and rational studies.